Back hurts what needs to be done first

Among all the ailments of the human body, diseases of the back are, on the one hand, the most common and, on the other hand, the most painful in their evolution (especially in advanced forms).The first and second encourage us to know exactly what can be the causes of back pain and what are the ways to eliminate, or at least reduce, the pain syndrome.

In the article below, we will analyze these problems in as much detail as possible, describing at the very beginning the standard methods of relieving pain, regardless of the reason for their occurrence. Then we will focus on specific diseases in conjunction with the methods of symptomatic treatment, adapted to each specific case. In addition, special attention will be paid to the facts and groups at risk for back pain.

What to do if your back hurts

Modern medicine has developed in its depths a number of methods of treatment whose use, more often than not, goes beyond the treatment of a single disease. These methods include:

  • Drugs;
  • Fixation therapy equipment (belts, collars, etc. );
  • Reflexology
  • ;
  • Physiotherapy;
  • exercise therapy
  • ;
  • Surgical intervention.
Processing methods

Usually, in order to eliminate pain and effectively treat its cause, a complex application of the above means is required, where the practical ratio of some methods to others is determined by a specific pathology.

Scoliosis

Reference: This disease is characterized by the displacement of the vertebrae to the side and their exceeding the normal limits of the spine. In order to compensate for such a destructive curvature, overloading of the muscles adjacent to the site of displacement occurs.

The latter leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be relieved by the following methods:

  1. Analgesic.There are many proven over-the-counter medications on the pharmaceutical market that can effectively treat pain. Sprays, capsules, ointments, tablets - regardless of the form of release - they all work according to the standard principle (if we are talking about nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). The drug blocks certain chemicals called prostaglandins, which are responsible for the pain process. These drugs include:
    1. Ibuprofen;
    2. Naproxen;
    3. acetylsalicylic acid;
    4. Paracetamol;
    As mentioned above, each of them can be bought absolutely freely - in any pharmacy, in any geographical point of Russia. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that the use of any drug is associated with a risk of exceeding the recommended dose or disregarding individual intolerance.
  2. Pain relief
  3. The second way to relieve the pain of scoliosis is an effective remedy for reducing muscle spasms - a warm compress.The mechanism of its action is to relax muscles, increase their mobility and widen adjacent blood vessels.

    Reference: Usually a heating pad wrapped in a towel is placed over the pain site for 20-30 minutes, no more than 2-3 times a day.

  4. In addition to heat, the opposing force of cold can be used to relieve pain.Ice, cold water bottles, etc. also effectively relieves inflammation and swelling. Apply a cold compress for no more than 20 minutes per stroke, in total.

Pinched nerve

The spine is a point, or rather a line, at the intersection of a large number of nerve pathways extending from the spinal cord to all members of the human body.Often destructive pathologies or physical damage can lead to pinching of the nerve, which causes a severe attack of pain. In this case, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, as surgery may be necessary.

To endure the first signs of a pinched nerve, you can do the following:

  1. Take pain relievers similar to the previous pharmacological list above.
  2. Minimize movements;
  3. Strictly adhere to bed rest.

After relieving the acute pain syndrome, other therapeutic and prophylactic means are used - physiotherapy exercises, massage, folk medicine, etc.

Pinched nerve

Osteochondrosis

Reference: This disease is described by the breakdown of polysaccharides and proteins in the body, responsible for the strength of connective tissues. When it decreases, a deformation of the intervertebral discs develops.

Osteochondrosis is usually accompanied by permanent or paroxysmal pain, which is rarely acute.

Pain syndrome occurs depending on the location of the disease (lower back, thoracic spine and cervical spine).Depending on the type of pain, there are effective remedies for its relief:

  1. For pain in the neck, exercise therapy, massage and drugs are usually used;
  2. For pain in the lumbar region - a set of statistical and dynamic exercises, drugs administered by infectious route;
  3. For eye pain, drugs, massage and physiotherapy are also used;
  4. For heart and chest pain - therapeutic blockage, anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, bed rest;

Important: The methods of the same physiotherapy exercises are different for each type of osteochondrosis, which implies consulting a specialist before performing certain exercises. It is the same for drugs, massages, physiotherapy and any other therapeutic and prophylactic means.

Herniated disc

When this disease appears, the main concomitant symptom is the acute pain syndrome, the removal of which is often vital for the patient.Dystrophic processes in the body provoke a strong displacement of the spinal disc and the formation of an intervertebral hernia, which, in turn, is accompanied by unbearable pain.Herniated discThese, in some cases, can on their own lead to the most unpleasant consequences up to a painful shock.

Effective treatments for herniated disc pain are as follows:

  1. Use of medication;
  2. Physiotherapy;
  3. exercise therapy
  4. ;

So the medical method is to take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, drugs to relieve muscle tension (muscle relaxants), chondroprotectors and corticosteroid pain relievers.

The forms of release can be very different - from intravenous injections to ointments and patches.

Physiotherapy is generally limited to the following set of procedures:

  1. Electrophoresis;
  2. shock wave therapy;
  3. Electrocution;
  4. ultrasound;
  5. Bee venom;
  6. Hirudotherapy.

Exercise therapy, on the other hand, consists of the regular performance of exercises prescribed by the attending physician, according to the specificities of each patient. These could be activities in the pool, cycling, walking, etc.

Disk protrusion

Note: This disease is often considered the initial form of the previous disease. So, protrusion is called the pathology of the intervertebral disc, when its contents protrude from the spine at a distance of 5 mm.

The pain syndrome in this case is less intense than with a hernia. However, it hits the threshold when it becomes necessary to delete it.

Methods similar to the previous list are used to successfully combat protruding disc pain.

Sciatica

This word designates pathological inflammation and compression of the sciatic nerve. Such neuralgia leads to acute pain syndrome, which can be relieved in the following ways:

Sciatica
  1. The use of narcotic analgesics: morphine hydrochloride, flupirtine maleate, tramadol hydrochloride, etc. );
  2. Ointment (diclofenac, nimesulide, diclofenac sodium, ketoprofen);
  3. Physiotherapy (electrophoresis, shock wave therapy, electrocution, etc. );
  4. Physiotherapy exercises;
  5. Breathing exercises;
  6. Cold compress.

In sciatica, the pain syndrome is most often localized in the lumbar region and lower limbs, which is the main factor in choosing a particular method.

Arthritis

This is an inflammatory condition that causes pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints. To combat arthritis pain, you can use the following:

  1. Exercise therapy (stretching, kneading, cycling, walking);
  2. Hot paraffin bath;
  3. Hot shower or bath;
  4. Use a cane while walking;
  5. Weight loss;
  6. Physiotherapy methods;
  7. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

In this disease, the joint comes out of its joint capsule, resulting in inflammation. With timely treatment in a fairly short time (at least five therapeutic and prophylactic procedures), it is possible to relieve the pain syndrome and avoid the transition of the pathology to a chronic form.

Cancer of the spine

Sooner or later oncological diseases begin to be accompanied by attacks of pain, which can be both unique and permanent.

There are often three stages in the fight against cancer pain.

  1. Mild pain - non-opioid pain relievers (meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac sodium, etc. )
  2. When amplified, light opioids (tramadol hydrochloride).
  3. Severe Pain - adjuvant therapy and narcotic pain relief (morphine hydrochloride trihydrate).
Spine cancer

Important: the use of each of the above groups correlates with a certain stage of disease development and, therefore, depends on the effectiveness of the main treatment.

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is characterized by a chronic type systemic disease of human bone tissue, in which their microarchitectonics, density and metabolic processes are disturbed.

As a rule, in osteoporosis, the pain syndrome occurs only with heavy loads on the supporting motor system (lifting weights, staying in an uncomfortable or lying position for a long time, etc. ). The usual localization of pain is in the joints of the lower back, ankle and hip.

Pain relievers include:

  1. Diclofenac (both as an ointment and as an injection);
  2. Ketoprofen;
  3. Lornoxicam;

Exercise therapy, physiotherapy (shock wave therapy, electrocution, etc. ) and wearing corrective material (corset) are also used

Diseases of internal organs radiating backwards

Such pain can occur for a variety of reasons, ranging from coughs to sexually transmitted diseases. Most often, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, already mentioned several times, are used to relieve pain of this type.

This concludes our list of remedies for the relief of pain, which is a symptom of a specific back disorder. But, unfortunately, illness is not the only cause of pain. The latter may well be the result of such things as wen on the back, muscle tension, muscle damage, improper mattress, lifting weights. Let’s consider each of these cases separately.

Fat back

Reference: As a lipoma, a type of benign tumor that appears as a result of the proliferation of cells in fatty tissue is called. Lipoma can appear anywhere on the human body, including the back.

Often the tumor is completely painless and has no side effects. Nonetheless, it does sometimes ignite, which is accompanied by an acute pain syndrome, which can be eliminated by removing the wen itself:

  1. Medicine (used when the lipoma is less than one centimeter). A special drug is injected with a thin needle that absorbs fatty tissue.
  2. Surgical treatment (complete removal of the neoplasm).

For lifting weights

Back pain

It often happens that after heavy physical exertion on the musculoskeletal system, especially on the spine, a person begins to experience pain. The latter has a different intensity and location depending on the location and type of lesion.

In this case, you need to see a doctor to find out the exact reason that triggered the pain. To reduce the latter, ointments, tablets and patches containing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, meloxicam, ibuprofen, diclofenac) are quite suitable.

Lower back

Another principle for dividing the pain syndrome can be the localization of its appearance, one of which can be the lower back. Pain relief in this case depends on the specific cause of its occurrence.

Muscle stretching

Severe back pain during active physical activity can also be a symptom of stretching back muscles or stretching the lower back. In this case, the following applies to combat the pain syndrome:

Massage
  1. ;
  2. Complete rest;
  3. exercise therapy
  4. ;
  5. Medicines.

To avoid repetitive stretching, the use of special supportive corsets, bandages and belts is recommended.

Ligament damage

This reason is quite similar to the previous one. It differs only in the greater intensity of the pain felt. Therefore, the ways of removing it in case of injury to the ligaments of the back are similar to the previous list.

Fast pain relief

For rapid relief of acute pain, preference should be given to drugs given by injection (injections of ibuprofen, diclofenac, etc. ), compresses and bed rest.

Pain due to an ill-fitting mattress.

Fast pain relief

Important: For the most part, experts recommend against sleeping on surfaces that are too soft or too hard. These mattresses do not maintain the correct position of the spine while sleeping and can injure your back.

In case of back pain, the logical first step is to see a neurologist. The second is to pay close attention to your mattress.

Standard features to consider when evaluating the quality of a mattress are as follows:

  1. Type of construction (spring, non-spring);
  2. Material;
  3. Strength;
  4. Size.

Choosing a mattress is worth not only on the basis of its convenience, but also on the advice of a personal doctor who is familiar with the peculiarities of your back.

So the reasons why back pain can occur is not limited to just one or two illnesses, but has a much broader conditioning.

However, in the problem of back pain, we distinguish certain risk groups and also certain factors of its appearance.

Risk groups:

  1. Age (on average, for men it is 55 years old, for women - 60 years old);
  2. Patient's gender (according to statistics, men have more back pain).

Risk factors:

  1. Constant lifting of weights;
  2. Force proceedings;
  3. Constant turns of the back or / and its inclinations;
  4. Fatigue;
  5. Excessive load;
  6. Lack of culture of physical work;
  7. Disregard health;
  8. Introduce a destructive lifestyle.

Conclusion

In the above article, we have tried to cover as broadly as possible the phenomenon of back pain, the reasons why it occurs and the ways in which it can be treated effectively. We hope you found this information useful. In any case, the main thing in all this remains an attentive attitude to your health and that of your loved ones.

06.12.2020