Low back pain: the main causes

Suddenly your lower back hurts. And it is understandable if yesterday you dug up a hectare of virgin land. But often the pain appears as if it comes from nowhere: when you wake up you suddenly find that bending and unfolding is a problem. We find out why the lower back can hurt and what it means.

a man has back pain

Uncomfortable posture

In the correct position, the lumbar spine should have a slight forward curvature. This is called physiological lordosis. If you're hunched over or the back of your chair isn't supporting your spine, that bend is forced to straighten out. Losing this cushioning "curve" causes the spinal discs to shift and can cause back pain.

The pain in this case appears at the end of the working day and usually goes away in the morning, provided you sleep on a flat and not too soft bed. The best way to relieve back discomfort is to start controlling your sitting position and getting more ergonomic furniture.

Bending or lifting weights

If you often have to lean forward, the main load falls on the lumbar spine. This can lead to both permanent injury to the back muscles and displacement of the spinal discs, especially if you have to lift weights.

As a rule, in this case, the back pain comes on suddenly, is acute and lasts for several days. This is a reason to consult a doctor immediately to make sure that the exploits of the work did not lead to serious consequences. But the best thing, before the back starts to seriously bother you, is to learn how to bend properly, trying to involve not only your back, but also your legs in this process.


The extra pounds, especially if they are too many, are an additional burden on the spine which has been suffering for a long time. And especially on his lumbar region: the excess fat on the abdomen shifts the center of gravity forward and leads to the fact that the lumbar fold is enlarged. This can cause spinal disc displacement and chronic pain.

In addition, as a rule, excess weight is accompanied by weak, untrained muscles responsible for supporting the spine - in this case, even a minimal load leads to painful sensations in the lower back.


This is perhaps the most obvious cause of low back pain. Falls or excessive fanaticism in the gym can all lead to lower back pain. With severe bruising and muscle tension, the pain may be sharp and intensify with a change in body position. Or, conversely, painful - if the lower back muscles become inflamed due to overuse. In any case, a visit to a doctor can not be postponed - injuries that are not diagnosed and not treated in time can have very dangerous consequences.


Age-related changes in bone and muscle tissue can also lead to lower back pain. They are numerous: arthritis, spinal stenosis, osteochondrosis. In this case, the pain becomes constant, pulling and can increase not only with a sudden movement of weight lifting, but even with coughing and sneezing.

In most cases, after careful diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory processes, moderate physical activity and specially selected physiotherapy procedures can relieve the disease.

Inflammatory processes

Radiculitis or inflammation of the sciatic nerve can also cause severe back pain. Painful sensations are usually given to the sacrum, buttocks, thigh, and even the lower leg. Additionally, you may experience numbness and tingling in the muscles of the legs and back. Self-medication in this case is categorically contraindicated - a specialist should accurately diagnose the cause of pain and prescribe appropriate drugs.

Diseases of the pelvic organs

Often, back pain has nothing to do with the back itself. Pulling pains in this area can be symptoms of a variety of diseases of the internal organs. For example, urolithiasis, benign and malignant tumors, inflammation of the pelvic organs in women, and prostatitis in men.

Even sexually transmitted diseases and urinary tract infections in the bladder are signaled by back pain. It is especially worth being on your guard if the back pain is accompanied by fever, chills, weakness, problems with urination, changes in bowel function, unexpected discharge from the urinary or genital tract. , numbness in the legs. In this case, consult a doctor immediately, urgent diagnosis and treatment is required.

In any case, back pain is a very warning sign. Even if you are young and energetic, you shouldn't blame the discomfort solely on the consequences of overwork or uncomfortable posture. A visit to a neurologist will eliminate serious problems and choose a treatment that will restore the ability to move around freely.