A disease such as chest osteochondrosis is quite common, but it is much less common than other forms of this disease. At first it proceeds without pronounced symptoms. Therefore, it is diagnosed more often in a complicated form, when the pain becomes palpable.
The onset of thoracic osteochondrosis
In modern medicine, the reasons that provoke osteochondrosis of the chest have not yet been established. Although there are factors whose influence is considered an indirect cause of the event. They are as follows:
- Heredity. If the next of kin were susceptible to such a disease, it is most likely that sooner or later it will make itself felt. For this reason, when collecting the anamnesis, doctors ask about genetic diseases transmitted by relatives.
- The changes that the body undergoes due to growth and aging. Intervertebral discs inevitably undergo metamorphosis, depending on the reduction of hydrophilic tissues, a decrease in the synthesis of chondroitin sulfate.
- Back injuries, received once or transformed into a chronic form. The latter option is inherent in professional athletes or people whose activities are associated with intense physical exertion.
- Disorders of microcirculation in the spine. May be complicated by atherosclerosis.
Osteochondrosis of the thoracic region has many different symptoms. Since all internal organs "depend" on the spine, neglected disease can damage the liver, kidneys, pancreas, heart, and bowel disease. Most often, osteochondrosis of the chest arises when pain occurs between the ribs, painful sensations when exhaling and inhaling, discomfort when moving the arms upward and flexing thebody.
The form of osteochondrosis is most often determined by pain between the ribs, which makes it difficult to breathe. The pain is felt much more strongly at night, with hypothermia, vibration, when bending and rotating the body. Often these symptoms are called heart disease, the differences are that with diseases of the spine painful sensations occur longer, they are not removed by nitroglycerin. Heart disease can lead to the pressure starting to "jump", which does not happen with osteochondrosis.
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Dorsago is sudden onset chest pain. Most often this is manifested in people who have been sitting reclined for a long time.
You can observe it with a strong climb after a long session. The painful sensations are very intense - so much so that breathing becomes difficult. There is an increase in muscle tension, resulting in reduced movement in various parts of the spine.
Darsalgia does not have particularly pronounced manifestations for 3 weeks. It is accompanied by sensations that are more unpleasant than painful. Severe pain can only be with deep sighs, twists and turns. There may be an increase in muscle tension and stiffness in the upper and lower back.
As with back pain, the sensation of pain is exacerbated at night.
To get rid of the pain, you need to walk a little.
Symptoms can also occur and make it difficult to make a correct diagnosis. With disease of the upper segment of the chest, pain in the pharynx and esophagus may appear. With the defeat of the middle part of the spine, sensations appear in the area of the right hypochondrium, which is also a symptom of pancreatitis, cholecystitis and other diseases. With osteochondrosis of the lower thoracic region, symptoms similar to intestinal pathology appear.
During the study, specialists established links between pain sensations and physical activity. Most often, the pain occurs after breakfast, intensifies towards the night, but subsides after a good night's sleep. It is not worth delaying the treatment of this disease, as this can lead to more serious pathologies of other organs and systems. The most dangerous of them is cardiovascular pathology, as well as dystrophic changes in the heart muscle. Thoracic osteochondrosis can cause dysfunction of the duodenum, disturbances of intestinal motility.
The main diagnostic method used to identify the pathology of osteochondrosis is X-ray examination. This pathology is characterized by the following symptoms:
- degenerative movements;
- reduction of the spinal canal;
- reduction in the height of the intervertebral discs, the formation of irregular contours;
- bone growths;
- the spine changes shape significantly.
In some particularly difficult cases, the use of computed tomography is acceptable. But there is a great risk of radiation exposure during this procedure, and in this regard, if there is no urgent need, then it is better to refrain from such a diagnosis.
The neuropathologist also performs research to determine possible disorders of the nervous system. Procedures include electroneuromyography and observation of tendon reflexes. Cardiographic observations are made in order to trace the degree of influence of the disease on the work of the heart. Such studies can predetermine the onset of ischemic pathology, it will be possible to control the pressure.
After the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe the following drugs:
- NSAIDs. They are prescribed to eliminate pain.
- It is possible to take corticosteroids, but only in case of severe pain. If the painful sensations are not of sufficient intensity, then their elimination is limited to the use of non-steroidal drugs.
- Diuretics to relieve swelling.
- B vitamins are used to stimulate blood circulation.
- Chondroprotectors are prescribed for the regeneration of affected cartilage.
Ointments in the treatment of this form of osteochondrosis do not have the good effectiveness and are more suitable for other types of diseases. For those who do not trust or simply are not supporters of pharmacological treatment methods, there are several other methods that exclude the use of drugs. These include acupuncture, electrophoresis, laser, cigar, vacuum, manual therapy, traditional massage, and cupping. For such treatment to be effective, it is imperative to contact specially trained and experienced specialists in this field. Correctly selected treatment methods will help stimulate blood circulation, relieve muscle spasms and relieve pain. Correct physical activity is required, including remedial gymnastics and swimming. Good nutrition is an important factor in recovery.
Osteochondrosis of any form and of the thoracic region in particular is a very unpleasant pathology. When the first symptoms appear, it is important to consult a specialist in a timely manner so that he selects the appropriate treatment. Delay can lead to worsening of the disease.