How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine?

Cervical osteochondrosis is an extremely common disease: varying degrees are diagnosed in 95% of people. Its most unpleasant symptom is constant neck pain, which may be accompanied by decreased performance, fatigue, and a feeling of weakness. How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical spine, the article will tell.

Drug therapy and fixation devices

drugs for the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis

In the acute period, patients are advised to remain at rest and limit the mobility of the affected segment of the spine as much as possible. For this, the Shant collar is used: it allows immobilization. The duration of wearing braces is determined by the attending physician: it is on average 10 to 20 days.

Among drugs, funds of the following groups are most often used:

  • nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • myotropic antispasmodics;
  • anticonvulsants.

Physiotherapy

Another important aspect of the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is physiotherapy. They help normalize blood circulation and reduce the severity of discomfort. Most often used for this purpose:

  • electrophoresis with antispasmodics;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • massage therapy;
  • UHF therapy;
  • laser therapy.

Therapeutic gymnastics and other influences

neck gymnastics with osteochondrosis

Therapeutic exercises are extremely effective in the treatment of cervical osteochondrosis. There are many different complexes that last from 20 to 40 minutes. Daily exercise will reduce pain and strengthen muscles, so do not skip exercise therapy sessions. Patients with cervical osteochondrosis will also benefit from swimming and water aerobics.

In 2020, scientists from the University of Medicine published a study on the effect of water aerobics on the condition of patients with cervical osteochondrosis. Within 6 months, 20 patients in the experimental group practiced water aerobics in the pool, and the patients in the control group - exercise therapy in the gym.

Already after 2 months, patients of the first group noted a decrease in the severity of neck pain, episodes of dizziness and insomnia. At the end of the 6th month, most patients decided to continue taking water aerobics classes, as their well-being had improved significantly.

Operative treatment

If, according to the examination, a patient has severe compression of the spinal cord, the question of surgical intervention is considered. It consists of removing the herniated disc and decompression of the spinal canal.

Currently, preference is given to minimally invasive operations (microdiscectomy, laser disc reconstruction, replacement of the affected disc with various implants). Such techniques ensure a minimum of tissue damage and also shorten the rehabilitation period. In just a few months, the patient can resume a normal life and gradually increase his physical activity.